crude oil mobile refinery
mobile oil storge units for 150K barrels
GMS-ENERGY specializes in crude oil and refined petroleum products trading, guided by the vast business philosophy, experience, and leadership of its Chairman/CEO Samuel Shay.
GMS-ENERGY clientele is diverse: comprising buyers in several capacities – ranging from Refineries, Resellers, End Sellers, End Users, Government Agencies Worldwide, The Majors, Alliances within the Airline Industry, Hedge Funds, and together witheach component of the Consumer Line.
These relationships are our strength and currently in position to buy crude oil and petroleum products. Due to our emphasis on quality in addition to a solid and reliable supply chain, we are focusing on Russian, Asian, European, Middle Eastern and African suppliers and buyers.
Our Global branding strategy aims at positioning GMS-ENERGY as a local brand in different world markets in conjunction with enhanced product competitiveness and strong corporate operations with Joint Venture Partners around the world.
GMS-ENERGY maintains highly ethical business standards and international reputation. We prefer business relationships based upon truth, transparency, ethics, reliable suppliers and buyers, achieving contractual performance and mutual trust of all parties to an agreement.
GMS-ENERGY is a global player; sourcing energy related deals a worldwide network of Joint Venture Partners and Affiliates in many key Markets around the world with Established Broad Base Clientele.
In order to resolve the current problem in South Sudan about the crude oil processing. GMS offering to install, about 20 mobile oil refineries in the country. This solution will give immediate answer to the oil problem for the next 12-18 months during this time, a large scale refinery will be build in South Sudan. The basic idea is the South Sudan will be fully independent in their crude oil production with be depend in any foreign country to do this. GMS will install within the next 120 days 20 mobile oil refinery in South Sudan.
GMS Mini-Refinery and mobile refinery offers: • Turnkey solutions to oil producers • Proven technology used • Plant strategically built adjacent to the oil field • Mobile units with relocation flexibility • Built-in modules with rapid expansion of capacity • Minimum infrastructure required • Four high quality products at low cost. • Products delivered directly from own Loading Facility • Nine to twelve months construction time • 10-year manufacturer's warranty for the refinery equipment • 5-year maintenance service
General Information the Refinery process has been developed in cooperation with leading Russian Scientific Research and Development Institutes, focusing on new technical know-how of small and medium sized oil processing; deep petroleum refining to final products of raw materials close to their source.
The advanced technology solutions used as a base for the equipment design make it possible to work with a wide spectrum of raw materials:
• Crude oil • Gas Condensate and their mixtures
Utilizing effectively existing refineries excesses of fuel oils and petroleum residue; heavy remains; waste oil and petroleum sludge, offering interesting economical prospects of producing high quality petroleum products.
A standard refinery module has an output capacity of 7,000-10,000 Mt per month and a refinery will normally comprise of three to four modules to produce 250,000 Mt to 300,000 Mt per annum. Larger capacity can easily be implemented by increasing the number of modules and related configuration.
The refinery modules are assembled and erected on the building site.
The commissioning, testing and start-up of the plant will be performed by specialized personnel.
Training of local staff and various schemes of progressive administration will be performed.
Modular Technology The picture shows a modular unit with a capacity of 84,000 Mt per year. It is convenient and efficient to install three to four modules into one refinery plant to reach total capacity of 250,000 to 300,000 Mt per year.
If the demand is greater than 500,000 Mt per year, it would be possible to design a custom built modular unit with capacity of 100,000 to 150,000 Mt per year. These larger units will use the same technology.
The highest tower is less than 15m high and the plot requirement for one unit is 30 x 40 meters.
The full set of refinery equipment of 70,000 Mt of crude oil capacity per year has a total weight of 18 Metric Tons.
Local Requirements The land should have access to the raw hydrocarbon source, and possess appropriate permits for erecting the Refinery plant and the safety operations including maintenance.
The site needs between 1.2 to 1.5 hectare of flat land and should have, subject to local law: • A sanitary-protective zone with a radius of 1000m, to protect human settlements • Water supply • Electric supply 400 KW
A reputable local contractor will be required to comply with the local regulations; perform the service to obtain all local permits to carry out the civil construction (site preparation, foundations, water, sewage, pipeline, mechanical and electrical connections; and to provide skilled labor for the erection of refinery).
As to technology, it is very simple and well known as “fractioning by heating”. The technology of Crude Oil fractioning consists of splitting of hydrocarbons of different boiling points, division and separation of raw materials into fractions by heating with the subsequent condensation of vapors.
According to the facts given by the client, a preliminary design and technical specification will be made for the Refinery to produce the preferred range of hydrocarbons, limited only by the composition of the crude oil (feedstock).
As a rule, three items are needed to commence a Refinery project: • Crude oil / gas condensate analysis; • Preferred Refinery capacity, based on available volume of feedstock, and • Market preferences for finished products, maximum output of gasoline, gasoil, fuel oil, bunker, furnace oil, aromatics, naptha etc.
2. FABRICATION GMS-ENERGY’S designs its skid-mounted modular equipment for placement on concrete slab foundations. With conventional foundation-mounted equipment, each piece of equipment is placed on its individual foundation and welders pipe the equipment together. This “stickbuilt” method requires longer construction time than GMS-ENERGY’S modular fabrication. GMS-ENERGY’S manufactures new and refurbished process units in its factory’s. Supplying refurbished process equipment with a warranty equal to new equipment is a major share of the business today. Utilizing refurbished process equipment can result in substantial cost savings and accelerated completion schedules when compared with new equipment. GMS-ENERGY equipment is designed to be transported by land or sea to any location. The equipment is fabricated in the same configuration as the process unit site plan. All piping, instruments, and electrical connections are made between the skids and tested. After completion of testing, the equipment is disassembled, packed, shrink-wrapped, and shipped.
Above: GMS-ENERGY 2000, 2000 barrel per day Arctic Refinery, Inset: 4 x 150 barrel per day Tropical Refineries
The range of crude oil Micro-Modular Oil Refineries (GMS-ENERGY) Years of experience as both an operator and a manufacturer of GMS-ENERGY’S, has enabled it to combine modern technology with operational experience to produce the practical and field proven crude oil mini-refinery.
They are available in a range of standard processing capacities from 150 barrels per day up to 4000 barrels per day. Other design capacities can be manufactured on request. The GMS-ENERGY will separate the basic components of the crude oil into light (heavy gasoline boiling range), medium (kerosene and automotive distillate boiling ranges) and heavy (fuel oil boiling range) product steams.
They are typically used to make automotive diesel(and jet kerosene if required) by xtracting these products from the crude oil and returning the other by-products to the pipeline stream if local markets for these by products do not exist. Optional vacuum distillation of the fuel oil stream will extract vacuum gas oil. This can be used as a heavy distillate plant fuel or can be blended with the diesel to improve overall plant yields.
Further optional processing of the light oil stream to reform its molecules into an utomotive grade of gasoline can also be achieved although this option will significantly increase the cost and complexity of the GMS-ENERGY. Design Principles GMS-ENERGY’S often find application in remote or inaccessible areas where local fuel supplies are relatively expensive or unreliable because of transportation logistics.
Where construction criteria calls for a refinery that can be quickly erected at the site with a minimal requirement in terms of site civil works, specialist equipment and skilled labour which are all expensive to provide in such regions. The concept is therefore a highly transportable refinery that uses skid mounted or containerized modules which have been pre-fabricated, factory equipped and operationally tested so as to minimise the
installation and commissioning costs on site. Operational reliability is enhanced by attention to good process engineering design as well as through the selection of superior materials and components. The operator interface and safety features of the refinery have been specifically designed to allow the plant to be operated and maintained by personnel with a sound technical competency but who do not need to be skilled refinery engineers.
The standardized container design can also be readily adapted to suit a marine platform or arctic environment or can be specially customized for particular applications. Winterized design for arctic conditions has been field proven in a number of installations in South Sudan.
GMS-ENERGY’S Design Benefits The refinery is highly automated with an emphasis on operational safety. The plant operator monitors and controls all facets of plant operation via a Windows based PC screen located remote from the plant in the Customer's control room.
This plant operator interface is displayed and controlled through the language of the host country to simplify operations.
A unique software control feature is fully Automatic Logic System (ALS) which provides the ability to adjust the relevant refinery process settings without direct operator intervention to automatically correct for plant variations or ambient conditions.
Although the PC provides the operator interface, the actual plant operation is separately controlled by programmable logic controller (PLC).
The PLC safely oversees an uninterrupted plant operation, even if the PC is off-line.
Additionally there are hard wired shutdowns to the control room to allow the operator to manually shut down the furnace flame or plant in an emergency. High operational reliability has been achieved with experience through the use of field proven instrumentation and equipment.
Pneumatic controls and actuators while cheaper in cost, are problematic and unreliable in remote situations where there is often limited technical support. Instead the refinery uses electrical stepper motor equivalents. The use of steam also causes operational problems in terms of government regulation and the
need for certified boiler operators. A water disposal or treatment facility is also needed to handle the oily or phenolic waste- water from the condensed steam. Water cooling also gives rise to operational problems associated with water pre-treatment, corrosion inhibition and anti-scaling which is often not able to be easily handled in a small plant setting.
For all these reasons the refinery operation does not require any cooling water, steam or instrument air for its operation. The only utilities consumed by the refinery are electric power plus some bottled nitrogen or carbon dioxide (for purge gas during plant start-up).
The refinery is broken down into transportable modules, sized on standard shipping containers. This makes for easy transportation logistics whether by road, sea or even air. The refinery unit can be lifted and supported on piles if required. It is recommended that a concrete slab be laid underneath the refinery installation to contain spills and to facilitate site maintenance. The refinery can be offered in a fully stainless steel version if corrosion is expected to be a problem. Although the initially proposed feedstock may not suggest any potential corrosion problems, the customer should consider the possibility that feedstock quality may diminish in future years. This could occur for example when new oil fields are connected upstream of a pipeline supplying the refinery feedstock.
Although stainless steel has a higher fabrication and supply cost compared to mild steel, it does provide operating cost savings by eliminating the need for anti corrosion chemical injection systems and filtration systems to remove corrosion products.
The use of stainless steel allows the plant to tolerate higher levels of salt and water in the feedstock. In many cases this means that the additional capital and operating costs associated with feedstock pretreatment can be eliminated.
Other than foundations to support the distillation tower, prepared foundations for the plant are not required. The refinery can also be made available in a version having a self-supported tower in which case no tower foundation preparations will be required.
Construction standards The refinery is constructed to the relevant and recognized engineering standards and codes. All vendor-supplied components are rigorously selected for code compliance. Standard vessel construction is AS1210 which is at least equivalent or superior to ASME V111 Div
1. All pipe welds are to the ASME B31.3 standard or to the AS4140 Australian code and NDT tested as required. All electrical instrumentation and equipment is explosion proofed as required by code standards. Any additional construction requirements needed for national code compliance or certification can be accommodated on request. The international System of Units is used in all drawings, calculations and documents. We have a management program for Quality, Safety and Environmental implementation in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZA ISO 9000/9001.
GMS-ENERGY’S Operational requirements No special skills other than basic technical competency are required for the day to day operation of the unit. However it is recommended that the plant shift operators have access to technical supervisory support.
If the refinery is located within the boundaries of a larger plant facility, that supervision could be provided by a facility supervisor on an ‘as required’ basis. No dedicated maintenance personnel are necessary. Minimum recommended manning levels to operate a mini-refinery are therefore:
Supervisor 1 x on call Refinery Operator2 x 12 hour shifts Supporting services Installation and commissioning The Customer is required to supply all piping and electrical connections up to the battery limits of the unit. A small installation team can then be dispatched to fully install and commission the unit refinery at the customer's site when required.
We can provide recommended site plans and layouts to assist the customer with the required site works.
Training All training of the customer's personnel can be undertaken by us during plant testing and during installation and commissioning at the customer's site.
Documentation We provide full documentation in terms of data sheets, engineering drawings and operating and maintenance manuals for each of our refineries.
Spare parts We provide a spare parts list setting out the recommended spares required for commissioning, 2 years of Operational Spares and Capital Spares which the customer can adapt to suit his application. Standardization of components within the unit result in a reduced requirement for spare parts. A spare parts inventory will minimize the potential for the unit downtime. Although large capital equipment items which are provided under the Capital Spares list should not fail under normal service conditions, such replacements generally have a long lead time of up to a number of months between ordering and delivery.
The cost of carrying Capital Spares has to be weighed up against the cost of bringing in alternative fuel supply during an extended plant shutdown or the removal, thermal reformers, catalytic reforming and hydro treating. And verify product quality and specification can also be supplied.
Technical Support We are available for any further assistance and backup support on request. Maintenance contracts or site visits for troubleshooting or training can be arranged.
Optional processes We can offer optional processes for desalting, dewatering, vacuum distillation, mercaptan possibility of effecting permanent or temporary repairs locally. A range of laboratory equipment to control
GMS new technology metal fabric oil tanks
As part of GMS-ENERGY new technology for oil storage we have developed with a leading Israeli company that specializing on design and production of special fabric material that can be used for oil tanks. The major advantage of using fabric tanks are that we can build a 50,000 barrel tanks up to 200,000 barrel made out metal fabric Those tanks can be up and running with in 24 hrs for the small tanks and 72hrs for the large tanks The fabric tanks can be installed on temperature between -40 C up to +65 C The fabric tanks are leak proved and are self repair for hole up to 1cm diameter. Those tanks are good for 10 years of usage and need to be replace every 10 years The fabric tanks cost about 25% from regular metal tanks and can be manufactured within 15 days only.